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Gabion Applications-Weir Structures
Weir structures are used where there is a sudden change in river bed levels or on steep gradients in water courses to reduce water velocity. The weir is effectively a dam which allows water to flow over the crest controlled by introducing a notch that can be rectangular or shaped.

The water can flow over the notch to a lower bed level, the weir is designed as a retaining structure with an apron protection to prevent erosion of the bed. In instances where there are high flows over the weir, it may require a stilling pool to be included in the design generally with an additional counter weir. These structures require the hydraulic conditions within the water course to be considered to determine the protection of the river bed on the down stream side. The flow conditions are turbulent and the mattress protection depth will be greater than for normal gabion mattress protection works.
Where a large change in bed level is required over a short distance a series of concurrent drops can be created known as a cascade structure.
In some instances a sloping weir may be necessary which results in increased water velocity. The slope is protected with a mattress or gabion system. Consideration is required for the erosive nature of high water velocities and the down stream river bank and bed protection.
Gabion Faced Reinforced Soil Walls Gabion Revetments River Walling
Free Standing Walls Gabion Cladding Rockfall Protection
Gabion Outfall And Structures Weir Structures Mass Gravity Retaining Walls

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